Article: How Google’s PageRank Algorithm Screwed the Online Writer (and What They Did to Fix It) by Demian Farnworth

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In many ways, this century has mostly been a dark time for online writers.

Huh? You mean the Internet — the most significant publishing revolution since Gutenberg — hasn’t been good for writers?!

Yes. And no.

Here’s the thing, good content writers got squeezed out during the early days of Google’s PageRank algorithm. As I’ll explain later, the importance was placed on the page, which created a nasty race to the bottom as far as writer’s value was concerned.

Thankfully, Google has recently changed its tune, and the web writer is about to profit from that change like never before …

And don’t miss the 20-part checklist on how to succeed in today’s Google rankings at the end of this post …

Here’s what to expect in this post

In the last post in our Author Rank series I wrote about why writers and content creators should care about Author Rank (it’s not just because Hunter S. Thompson would).

In this post we’ll explore the early phases of Author Rank. You’ll discover:

  • Google’s original attempt at evaluating web pages with PageRank
  • The abuse of PageRank — and the ugly consequences for the writer
  • Google’s response to that abuse (hint: their response rhymes with “Amanda”)
  • A 20-point checklist on creating high-quality content in a new web era

Let’s go.

Google’s original scheme to evaluate content

Google’s PageRank algorithm attempts to judge the relevancy of a page by asking two questions:

  1. How many links point to a particular web page?
  2. How valuable are those links?

In practice, the theory is this: when you have two identical pages on training for a marathon, the one with the most links pointing to that page should rank higher in the search engines.

However, the quality of those links matters a lot.

If both pages have ten links pointing to them, but one of the pages has links coming from Runner’s World and the Ironman Triathlon, that page is going to be deemed more authoritative than the other.

In addition, a page with ten high-quality links could potentially outrank a page with 100 low-quality links.

In other words, PageRank rewarded keyword-rich content that attracted high quality incoming links. But this occurred in an era when competition and content on the web was relatively low … and social networking sites were but a twinkle in the eye of the Internet.

The rules changed in the early 2000′s.

How to game PageRank (and the mutiny against the writer)

The problem with PageRank was that you could game it.

Bad marketers realized that all they had to do to attract links (and grow traffic) was create and publish horrible, keyword-rich content that was brief, unoriginal, and shallow …

Then lazy marketers took it one step further — they created even more content on other sites (blogging networks, content farms, or a string of web properties) and linked that new content back to their main site and pages.

Sites like e-How, and — and a million service industry blogs like doctors, lawyers, real estate and so on — blossomed.

Rankings soared. Traffic blew up. And in this era, demand for “content” (in the worst sense of that word) erupted.

Sadly, it was also a mutiny against the writer. In this scheme, the author didn’t matter. Just the content. The watchword was that content was king. But the throne was empty.

Publishers demanded volume over value, and so writers were in a pickle. Finding work was not hard, but finding meaningful work was. And finding work for more than fifteen dollars an hour was even harder.

Erin Griffith summarized the position writers found themselves in:

It’s much easier to hire an anonymous consultant or copywriter to churn out content sans byline. No one cares who those writers are as long as the content they produce is viewed as legit to the almighty Google.

And of course, Google allowed spam to run riot. Content farms, blogging networks, and other unnatural linking schemes cropped up everywhere.

Link building became a hot business as SEO consultants demonstrated they could get a website ranked by simply creating a mountain of cheap content.

True, there were those who were creating high-quality content with credibility, identity, and authority — but there was so much noise Google needed to do something about the hot mess it had helped create.

And in February 2011, Google rolled out one of the most punishing algorithmic updates on the books — an update that affected the ranking of an entire site, rather than just a page or section of that site.

Within days, entire content empires were leveled.

Panda eats, shoots weak content, and leaves

The update I’m talking about is called Panda.

And while Google’s Panda doesn’t eat, and will likely never leave, it did shoot bad content dead. The story goes that the update was named after one of the core engineers behind Panda.

To say that Panda pummeled the cheap link-building, content-farm model is an understatement. Within hours of its release, entire large sites were virtually wiped out of search engine listing existence.


Keep in mind, these sites weren’t de-indexed (removed from Google’s database). Google just stopped artificially rewarding them — which plummeted their rankings to the point of near obscurity.

Talk about a buzz kill. And it’s telling which large sites didn’t get punished:


Other sites that were not punished by Panda included Copyblogger, Mashable, and Search Engine Journal.

On these sites, content is original, useful, and ultra-specific. Content is epic.

Your 20-point checklist for creating high-quality content

Panda wasn’t (by any means) a flawless update.

Some people felt they were unfairly punished. Others were just confused. In response, Google pointed webmasters and bloggers to their web writing guidelines.

Those guidelines boiled down to these rules:

  1. Care — deeply — about the quality of your writing, and about your audience.
  2. Go deep with original research.
  3. Share a never-before-seen interview.
  4. Avoid redundant, duplicated, or stolen content.
  5. Build so much trust with your audience that people would be happy to hand over their credit card.
  6. Build your authority — and your site’s authority.
  7. Spell correctly.
  8. Fix factual errors.
  9. Repair bad grammar.
  10. Write for humans — not machines.
  11. Create something nobody has ever seen before.
  12. Remain balanced and worthy of your audience’s trust.
  13. Cover a topic comprehensively (don’t aim for an arbitrary word count and stop once you reach it).
  14. Avoid the obvious. If thirty people have already reported on the Facebook Graph Search, then find something else to write about (unless you have information nobody else does).
  15. Create something strangers want to share and bookmark.
  16. Don’t overuse promotions, calls-to-action, and ads.
  17. Write something a good magazine or journal would print.
  18. Steer clear of short and useless.
  19. Spend an insane amount of time on detail.
  20. Create something people want to talk about (preferably positively).

If you want to take your content creation to the next level, use the above points as a checklist before you publish your content. Run every single article through it. In fact, print this list out and tape it next to your desk.

Remember, the web needs content. Useful, original, and ultra-specific content.

Over to you …

The good news is that if you’re an exceptional web writer, then February 24, 2011 was your day.

Panda was a significant step in bringing you (the writer) back to the central position of ruling the content roost once again — of running the show.

Fortunately, there is even better news for good web writers, which I’ll explain in our next post in this series — 7 Ways Successful Writers Use Google+ Effectively.

Stay tuned.

Do you have any ideas to add to the checklist? Please share in the comments.

(And a gold star for those who picked up on my nod to Lynn Truss’ phenomenal book “Eats, Shoots & Leaves.”)

About the Author: Demian Farnworth is Chief Copywriter for Copyblogger Media. Follow him on Twitter or .

Read above article on Copyblogger Media website

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